safeMedicate Medication Dosage Calculation Problem-solving Competence Model
The structure of the safeMedicate Essential Skills curriculum provides a framework for the systematic application of the safeMedicate medication dosage calculation problem-solving competence model (Figure 1a, 1b & 1c) & the safeMedicate Essential Skills Program. Structured integration of, and engagement with the safeMedicate Essential Skills Program, Advanced Skills environments and clinical learning & assessment environments, supports the integrated development and assessment of cognitive competence (knowledge) and functional competence (know-how & skills) in medication dosage calculation problem solving (See Safety in Numbers 2, Safety in Numbers 3, Safety in Numbers 5 & Safety in Numbers 6).
The model in Fig. 1a defines the three sub-elements of the competence model and Fig. 1b and Fig. 1c illustrate the three sub-elements of the competence model as they appear and are applied in the safeMedicate Essential Skills Program. The competence model requires the student and registered practitioner to demonstrate:
- Conceptual Competence: Understanding of the medication dosage calculation problem in-context and the accurate setting up of the dose or rate of administration equation.
- Calculation Competence: The ability to accurately calculate the correct numerical value and measurement unit(s) for the dose or rate of administration.
- Technical Measurement Competence: The ability to correctly select an appropriate measurement & administration vehicle (syringe etc) and to accurately measure the dose or rate of administration.
If an uncorrected error is made within any one or more of the sub-elements of the competence model then a medication dosage calculation error in the practice setting will result.