Foundation Numeracy Assessment (FNA)
The Foundation Numeracy Assessment (FNA) is used to assess the essential foundation numeracy skills that underpin medication dosage calculation problem-solving (See Safety in Numbers 2). Figure 1 illustrates an example from the FNA:
- Each MCQ: presents a foundation numeracy question within one of five essential numerical domains: division, multiplication, conversion of fractions to decimal equivalents, multiple computations and conversion of SI units;
- Presents the correct answer;
- Presents the three most common arithmetical operation and computation errors manifested by samples of prospective/undergraduate nursing students from the UK and USA population;
- Presents a ‘don’t know’ option. It is essential in diagnostic assessments that students who manifest misconceptions are not forced into guessing as this weakens the validity of the assessment.